All the Dock and Pier Answers You Need, All in One Place

If you’re a boat owner, you enjoy being out on the water, relaxing and having a great time. Maybe you’re pretty handy and actually know quite a bit about taking care of your boat as well as the pier where you dock it. If that’s you, you’re ahead of the curve. However, most people don’t want to spend the time it takes to maintain their docks.

That’s where Captain Rod’s Boat Lift and Pier Services comes in. The warm season is passing us by, so let’s not waste any time. Let us help you get your dock ready as soon as possible so that you can enjoy your time off the right way—out on the water.

Here are answers to our most frequently asked questions relating to docks and piers, as well as links to further resources on those topics.

Photo of LochDock and Max Lift installed by Captain Rod's.

LochDock and Max Lift installed by Captain Rod’s Boat Lift & Pier Services.

Q: Do I Need a Permit to Install a Dock or Pier in Illinois?

A: Yes. According to the Illinois Department of Natural Resources, anyone who is planning to install a new dock, boat house, or pier must acquire a permit from the Division of Water Resource Management. The law was originally enacted over 50 years ago to protect commerce, navigation, and recreation as well as habitats and reproduction areas for plants, fish, and wildlife. The permit application allows the DNR to work with you to minimize any adverse impacts on the surrounding wetlands.

Find a copy of the necessary regional permit here.

Q: What Different Kinds of Docks Are There?

A: We differentiate piers based on fixed vs. floating, choice of building materials, and shape.

Fixed vs. Floating

The first decision to make is whether you want a fixed pier or a floating pier. Floating piers float on top of the water, whereas a fixed pier is stuck in place.

Permanent piers can be installed over the winter months and be ready when spring arrives. These piers save time and money on annual removal fees because they don’t need to be removed. Once the structure is in place, we can then lay your choice of decking. If you areputting down roots in a new home and are planning to stick around for the long haul, installing a permanent pier is the best solution for you.

However, changing tides may lead to your boat rolling and getting damaged while tied up to a floating pier. If your area has a wide tidal range, consider a floating pier.

Building Materials

Graphic showing the different qualities of aluminum, vinyl, and wood docks.

There are several common materials for you to choose from for your pier.

The three main materials to consider for a dock are aluminum, vinyl, and wood.

Anodized aluminum won’t rust and is an extremely resilient and low-maintenance material. Vinyl is inexpensive, water-resistant, and easily provides an anti-slip surface for safer footing. Pressure-treated wood has a wide variety of finishes and is water resistant, but can become vulnerable to wood rot.

Shape

Finally, the shape of your pier depends on the shoreline where you’re installing it. Extend it further offshore if there’s a wider tidal range, so that your boat doesn’t get damaged by shallows. If the waterway is busy or crowded, you may want a shorter “finger” pier.

Read more about choosing the right kind of pier here.

Q: Do I Need to Remove My Dock Before Winter?

A: If you live in a warmer climate, and do not feel the harsh effects of winter, you do not need to remove your dock before winter. However, for all you northern lake lovers, the answer is probably yes.

Because the lake water will freeze during the winter, the ice will expand and impact your dock. This leaves you with several options depending on the type of dock you own and the conditions in your area.

One option is to use a de-icer. This is a device that keeps ice from forming near and scraping against your pier. There are two varieties: ice eaters, which propel warmer water up from the depths, and bubblers, which use bubbles to prevent ice formation.

The other option is pier removal. While some docks are permanent, many others are removable. Come winter, professionals from Captain Rod’s can come by and uninstall your pier for the duration of the season. Pier removal prevents ice floes and other winter elements from damaging your dock. Then, in spring, we reinstall your pier so you can get back in the water.

Read further into winter pier removal, de-icers, and boat winterization here.

Q: Do Piers Need Frequent, Inconvenient, or Expensive Repairs?

A: Many dock components require periodic upkeep. These typically include smaller components rather than the deck.

For some of the less noticeable components, you wouldn’t know it needed repair unless you know what to look for. Weather conditions, warping, rust, and dry rot are common issues that occur when docks are in the water year-round. Take a look at the following parts and note the condition of each.

Photo of a permanent wooden dock installed by Captain Rod's.

This permanent wooden dock was installed by Captain Rod’s Boat Lift & Pier Services.

  • Rope
  • Barrels
  • Posts and metal pipes
  • Boat bumpers
  • Boat lifts
  • Roofing

If you find hazardous issues with your dock call Captain Rod’s Boat Lift and Pier Services today.

Wooden Parts

A lot of piers are build using wood. This material deteriorates with time. Maintain it well, if you want it to last.

Check often for signs that the dock needs work. Inspect the wood. Ensure it is properly sealed. Clean the dock with a pressure washer and chemicals at least once a year to remove mold and algae. Sand the wood to get rid of any paint that’s peeling, as well as debris that would keep sealant from sticking to the wood. Last but not least, apply the dock sealant.

You should also use marine putty to patch any punctures or cracks in the wooden platforms. For large damage, epoxy putty works best. When filling pinholes and small scratches, acrylic putty is best.

Also keep an eye out for dry rot. It can cost hundreds of dollars to replace rotted out wooden beams and other parts.

Support Systems

In addition, there’s also the support structure that keeps the dock stable. It’s essential that your pier repair inspection include a look at this system to make sure everything’s in working order.

For example, a floating dock may be held in place with barrels and chains. Check the buoyancy of the barrels and replace them if you need to. Make sure the chains that hold the barrels together or anchor the dock in place are all well-lubricated, and weld any breaks together.

You should also keep an eye out for missing screws. These small parts often fall off of piers. When they’re missing, this can cause loose boards and other problems. Be thorough: check the bottom, sides, and top of the boat dock to check if screws are missing.

Electrical Work

Last but not least, we have pier repair’s electrical component.

You may have equipped your dock with a boat lift, or lights that help boaters see at night. It may also feature outlets for pressure washers and other equipment.

Infographic answering common dock and pier questions.

Click for full-size infographic.

These systems require a supply of electricity to power them. If there’s an electrical issue,it’s not just a matter of convenience, it’s a matter of safety. Electrical current running through your dock may even shock you if you have stray voltage and metal platforms. Be careful!

Don’t tackle electrical issues on your own. This calls for a visit from a well-trained and well-equipped expert. The expert in question: one of the qualified professionals from Captain Rod’s Boat Lift & Pier Services. Our technicians have been installing and repairing piers for over 15 years—so leave the electrical issues to them!

Learn more about these three main components of pier repair here.

Q: Can I Keep My Boat Tied to the Pier?

A: This depends on a number of factors such as lake conditions, size of the boat, and the dock you’re using. Is the body of water that you are parked on smaller with not much water turbulence? Then you’re probably fine leaving your boat tied to the deck.

However, if you have a big hefty boat, it’s not as good of an idea to leave the boat tied to the dock for a long period of time. That would be like chaining a bear to a stop sign. Since the bear outweighs the pole, it would have no problem pulling it loose and getting away. Now, if you have a much stronger, permanent-style dock you may get away with a bigger boat tied up to it. Many docks are relatively lightweight and will end up tipping over due to the weight of a larger boat.

If you’re seeking help installing or maintaining a dock in McHenry, IL or the Chicago area, don’t hesitate to call Captain Rod’s Boat Lift & Pier Services today! We’re here to make your life easier and give you more time to enjoy the water this season, so don’t hesitate to ask for a consultation!

This post was originally published in July 2017, and has been updated for thoroughness and accuracy.